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Categories & Keywords

Subcategory Detail:
Keywords:Aix sponsa, Cleveland area, North Chagrin Nature Reservation, Ohio, autumn, bonding, fall, female, male, marsh, mutual preening, pair, pond, wetland, wood duck
Photo Info

Dimensions5400 x 3600
Original file size8.35 MB
Image typeJPEG
Color spacesRGB
Date taken17-Oct-10 09:52
Date modified5-Mar-17 00:41
Shooting Conditions

Camera modelNIKON D2X
Focal length420 mm
Focal length (35mm)630 mm
Max lens aperturef/4
Exposure1/160 at f/5
FlashFired, return light detected
Exposure bias0 EV
Exposure modeAuto
Exposure prog.Aperture priority
ISO speedISO 320
Metering modePattern
Digital zoom1x


Pair bonding is behavior similar to courtship and mating behavior, only it may be performed outside the breeding season. Here a pair of wood ducks prepare for the southward winter migration they will make together by solidifying their relationship through mutual preening.

Moments before I took this image, several photographers left the scene because clouds obscured the direct sunlight we had been shooting in. One fellow commented that the good light was gone, and the band of them packed it in. One other photographer and I stayed and were rewarded with these tender displays of public affection. Sweet light eh?

North Chagrin Nature Reservation, Ohio.